Media Data Base - International Media Corporations 2020

Media corporations have bigger budgets than some nation states. As agents and moderators of globalization they have economic and opinion-shaping power. They deal with the contemporary challenge of combining business segments belonging to the "Old Economy" with those of the "New Economy" by restructuring measures, cooperation or mergers with advertising agencies or social media platforms. It is technological progress and growing competition that force media corporations to expand their businesses on a national as well as an international level. To successfully compete, some media companies establish partnerships with financial investors, which in some cases have garnered considerable influence.

Who controls big media corporations? What kind of strategies do they apply?  What is the role of private equity investors? Based on the 2005 book "Who controls the Media" by Lutz Hachmeister and Günther Rager, the Institute of Media and Communication Policy established the media data base in order to provide comprehensive and up-to-date structural data concerning international media corporations.

The annual ranking of the 50 world's biggest media corporations includes companies that have a strategic focus on the creation of content for print, television, film and online properties. Because some cable companies control the distribution of programming and produce content themselves, they are included in the ranking as well. Listed are parent companies (such as News Corp.) even if a subsidiary (e.g. BsykB) generates revenues that are higher than other parent companies. The size of a media corporation is based on the media revenues generated in the past financial year. All amounts of revenue are converted to Euros, applying the annual average exchange rates.




Top 50 - International Media Corporations 2020

1.Alphabet Inc. (Mountain View/US)€ 217.840 billion
2.Meta Platforms, Inc. (Facebook) (Menlo Park/US)€ 99.700 billion
3.Comcast Corporation (Philadelphia/US)€ 98.400 billion
4.Tencent Holdings Ltd. (Shenzen/CN)€ 73.430 billion
5.Apple Inc. (Cupertino/US)€ 57.855 billion
6.The Walt Disney Company (Burbank/US)€ 57.000 billion, Inc. (Seattle/US)€ 53.210 billion
8.Bytedance (Peking/CN)€ 49.000 billion
9.Charter Communications Inc. (Stamford/US)€ 43.700 billion
10.Sony Corporation (Tokyo/JP)€ 39.230 billion
11.WarnerMedia (AT&T Inc.) (New York/US)€ 30.126 billion
12.Microsoft Corporation (Redmond/US)€ 28.910 billion
13.Netflix (Los Gatos/US)€ 25.110 billion
14.Paramount Global (New York/US)€ 24.170 billion
15.Altice Europe N.V./Altice USA, Inc. (Amsterdam/NL)€ 24.016 billion
16.Liberty/Qurate Retail, Inc. (Englewood/US)€ 21.510 billion
17.News Corp. Ltd./21st Century Fox (New York/US)€ 18.827 billion
18.Bertelsmann SE & Co. KGaA (Gütersloh/DE)€ 18.696 billion
19.Baidu Inc. (Beijing/CN)€ 16.520 billion
20.Dish Network Corporation (Englewood/US)€ 15.120 billion
21.Nintendo Company Ltd. (Kyoto/JP)€ 13.543 billion
22.NetEase (Beijing/CN)€ 11.620 billion
23.Discovery Inc. (Silver Spring/US)€ 10.310 billion
24.The Hearst Corporation (New York/US)€ 9.720 billion
25.Spotify AB (Stockholm/SE)€ 9.668 billion
26.Vivendi S.A. (Paris/FR)€ 9.572 billion
27.Universal Music Group (Santa Monica/US)€ 8.504 billion
28.Bloomberg L.P. (New York/US)€ 8.460 billion
29.RELX Group (London/GB)€ 8.427 billion
30.beIN Media Group (Doha/QA)€ 8.370 billion
31.Activision Blizzard Inc. (Santa Monica/US)€ 7.440 billion
32.ARD (München, Berlin/DE)€ 7.132 billion
33.S&P Global (New York/US)€ 7.020 billion
34.TelevisaUnivision (Mexico City/MX)€ 6.718 billion
35.Yahoo! (ehem. Verizon Media) (Sunnyvale/US)€ 6.480 billion
36.Yomiuri Shimbun Holdings/Nippon Television Holdings, Inc. (Tokyo/JP)€ 6.130 billion
37.BBC (London/GB)€ 5.890 billion
38.Bandai Namco Holdings Inc. (Tokyo/JP)€ 5.700 billion
39.Access Industries (Warner Music, DAZN, Deezer) (New York/US)€ 5.577 billion
40.Thomson Reuters Corporation (New York/US)€ 5.367 billion
41.Nippon Hoso Kyokai (Tokyo/JP)€ 5.310 billion
42.Sinclair Broadcast Group (Hunt Valley/US)€ 5.186 billion
43.Lagardère Media (Paris/FR)€ 5.130 billion
44.Wolters Kluwer nv (Alphen aan den Rijn/NL)€ 4.771 billion
45.Electronic Arts Inc. (Redwood City/US)€ 4.759 billion
46.Asahi Shimbun Group/TV Asahi (Tokyo/JP)€ 4.680 billion
47.ProSiebenSat.1 SE (Unterföhring/DE)€ 4.494 billion
48.Twitter (San Francisco/USA)€ 4.290 billion
49.Alibaba Group Holding Limited (Hangzhou/CN)€ 4.088 billion
50.Rogers Communications, Inc. (Toronto/CA)€ 4.078 billion
51.ITV plc (London/GB)€ 4.017 billion
52.Fuji Media Holdings, Inc./Sankei Shimbun (Tokyo/JP)€ 4.003 billion
53.Pearson plc (London/GB)€ 3.988 billion
54.Nexstar Media Group (Irving/US)€ 3.930 billion

Institute of Media and Communications Policy

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Germany's Federal Agency for Civic Education,

the city of Cologne, Germany,