Online Data Base: International Media Corporations (Beta)

Media corporations have bigger budgets than some nation states. As agents and moderators of globalization they have economic and opinion-shaping power. They deal with the contemporary challenge of combining business segments belonging to the 'Old Economy' with those of the "New Economy" by restructuring measures, cooperation or mergers with advertising agencies or social media platforms. It is technological progress and growing competition that force media corporations to expand their businesses on a national as well as an international level. To successfully compete, some media companies establish partnerships with financial investors, which in some cases have garnered considerable influence.

Who controls big media corporations? What kind of strategies do they apply? What is the role of private equity investors? Based on the 2005 book "Who controls the Media" by Lutz Hachmeister and Günter Rage, the Institute of Media and Communication Policy established the media data base in order to provide comprehensive and up-to-date structural data concerning international media corporations.

The annual ranking of the 50 world's biggest media corporation includes companies that have a strategic focus on the creation and distribution of content for print, television, film and online properties and generate significant parts of their revenues with advertising and licensing. Because some cable companies control the distribution of programming and produce content themselves, they are included in the ranking as well. Listed are parent companies (such as News Corp.) even if a subsidiary (e.g. BsykB) generates revenues that are higher than other parent companies. The size of a media corporation is based on the media revenues generated in the past financial year. All amounts of revenue are converted to Euros, applying the annual average exchange rates.

Top 50 - International Media Corporations 2013*

1.Comcast/NBCUniversal, LLC (Philadelphia / USA)€ 48.700 billion
2.Google Inc. (Mountain View/ USA)€ 39.053 billion
3.The Walt Disney Company (Burbank / USA)€ 32.906 billion
4.News Corp. Ltd. / 21st Century Fox (New York/ USA)€ 26.234 billion
5.Time Warner Inc. (New York / USA)€ 22.361 billion
6.Viacom Inc./CBS Corp. (New York / USA)€ 21.775 billion
7.Sony Entertainment (Tokyo / JP )€ 18.358 billion
8.Bertelsmann SE & Co. KGaA (Gütersloh/GER)€ 16.065 billion
9.Vivendi S.A. (Paris/ FRA)€ 13.325 billion
10.Cox Enterprises Inc. (Atlanta / USA)€ 11.900 billion
11.Dish Network Corporation (Englewood, CO / USA)€ 11.107 billion
12.Thomson Reuters Corporation (New York/ USA)€ 10.040 billion
13.Rogers Comm. (Toronto / CA)€ 9.723 billion
14.Liberty Media Corp./Liberty Interactive (Englewood, CO / USA)€ 9.353 billion
15.Reed Elsevier PLC (London/ GB)€ 7.543 billion
16.Pearson plc (London / UK)€ 7.538 billion
17.Lagardère Media (Paris/ FRA)€ 7.370 billion
18.Nippon Hoso Kyokai (Tokyo / Japan)€ 6.331 billion
19.ARD (Berlin, München/GER)€ 6.270 billion
20.Fuji Media Holdings, Inc. (Tokyo / JP)€ 6.167 billion
21.Bloomberg L.P. (New York / USA)€ 6.164 billion
22.BBC (London / UK)€ 6.159 billion
23.Charter Comm. Inc. (St. Louis/ USA)€ 5.841 billion
24.Advance Publications (Staten Island, New York / USA)€ 5.277 billion
25.Cablevision Systems Corp. (Bethpage, NY/ USA)€ 5.219 billion
26.Globo Communicação e Participações S.A. (Rio de Janeiro/ BRA)€ 5.023 billion
27.Clear Channel Comm. (San Antonio / USA)€ 4.862 billion
28.The Naspers Group (Kapstadt / ZA)€ 4.762 billion
29.The Nielsen Company (Haarlem/ NL)€ 4.368 billion
30.Gannett Co. Inc. (McLean, Virginia / USA)€ 4.166 billion
31.Grupo Televisa (Mexico City / MX)€ 4.099 billion
32.Shaw Communications (Calgary /CA)€ 3.892 billion
33.Yahoo! Inc. (Sunnyvale/ USA)€ 3.882 billion
34.Mediaset SpA (Mailand / IT)€ 3.721 billion
35.Jupiter Telecommunications (Tokyo / Japan)€ 3.694 billion
36.Wolters Kluwer nv (Amsterdam / NL)€ 3.603 billion
37.Discovery Communications (Silver Spring/ USA)€ 3.492 billion
38.McGraw-Hill Financial (New York/USA)€ 3.464 billion
39.Tokyo Broadcasting System Holdings, Inc. (Tokyo / Japan)€ 3.438 billion
40.Quebecor Inc. (Montreal/ CA)€ 3.389 billion
41.Bonnier AB (Stockholm / SWE)€ 3.352 billion
42.Axel Springer SE (Berlin /GER)€ 3.310 billion
43.Nippon Television Holdings (Tokyo / Japan)€ 3.183 billion
44.France Télévisions S.A. (Paris/ FRA)€ 3.153 billion
45.ITV plc (London / GB)€ 3.140 billion
46.Graham Holdings Company (Washington D.C. / USA)€ 3.127 billion
47.RAI Radiotelevisione Italiana Holding S.p.A. (Rom / IT)€ 2.974 billion
48.ProSiebenSat.1 (Unterföhring/ GER)€ 2.969 billion
49.The Hearst Corporation (New York/ USA)€ 2.942 billion
50.Netflix (Los Gatos/ USA)€ 2.809 billion

*As of April 2013, the following media companies have not yet published their annual reports for the financial year 2012: Sony Entertainment, Cox Enterprises, Nippon Hoso Kyokai, BBC, Fuji Media Holdings, The Naspers Group, France Televisions, Tokyo Broadcasting Systems, RAI, Nippon Television Holdings. Their positions in the ranking are based on the revenues of the financial year 2011. The revenues of Advance Publications, The Hearst Corporation and Bloomberg are estimates.